Yale hydraulic tools are designed for professional operation. A tool is only as good as its basic material. Therefore, our cylinders are manufactured from high quality chromium-molybdenum steel and are heat-treated. Practice has shown that hydraulic cylinders used as a tool in workshops or on construction sites are frequently subjected to eccentric loading. Yale hydraulic cylinders are provided with double bronze bearings on the plunger, which minimizes friction between plunger and body during lateral loading. Hard chromium-plated piston offers excellent protection against mechanical damage and corrosion. Excellent sliding characteristics in conjunction with the upper bronze bearing in the stop ring. To facilitate the installation of hydraulic cylinders in jigs and fixtures and auxiliary structures. The metric standard throughout the entire series simplifies service operations and repairs. Cylinders carry the full load even under maximum operating pressure. As a safety factor the stop ring on all Yale hydraulic cylinders carries the full load even under maximum operating pressure. Yale Hydraulic cylinders are delivered ready to use incl. female coupler half, hardened saddle and mounting threads; larger cylinders come with carrying handle or transportation lugs. This also applies to customised combinations which are always supplied fully assembled.